Sussex University has risen to 12th from 28th in the latest edition of the annual Good Teacher Training Guide.
The guide, published on Friday (17 September), is the only league table of teacher training.
It rankings are based on national data for entry qualifications, Ofsted inspections and the take-up of teaching posts.
It started when the Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) began compiling the data in 1998 and has published the guide ever since.
Sussex has improved its ranking each year since 2007 – when it came 41st – and is described in this year’s guide as a “notable improver”.
Cambridge also has the highest percentage of trainees entering teaching from secondary courses, followed by Northumbria.
Sussex is also notably successful on this measure, coming third with 87.3 per cent of its secondary trainees getting jobs in schools, just ahead of Oxford.
Simon Thompson, director of initial teacher education at Sussex, said: “It’s no accident that our national ranking has improved for the third year in a row.
“Our selection procedures are regularly refined to ensure we recruit a high-quality intake of beginning teachers.
“We’ve also had some very positive Ofsted inspections, in 2008 and most recently in May of this year, which have identified the strengths in teacher education and the quality of our school partnerships.
“In addition, we have benefited from a range of new appointments, which have brought new ideas to an already innovative teaching faculty.
“The challenge now is to maintain and further improve the quality of teacher training at Sussex.”
Brighton University was ranked 40th overall, down from 37th last year.
The full report can be seen here.